EPA Requirements on Formaldehyde Emission Standards

A rule by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is implementing formaldehyde emission standards and import certification requirements for composite wood products.

Effective June 1, 2018, regulated composite wood panels and finished products containing such composite wood panels that are manufactured or imported into the U.S. must be certified as compliant with either the TSCA Title VI or the California Air Resources Board (CARB) Airborne Toxic Control Measures (ATCM) Phase II emission standards.

Regulated composite wood products, and finished goods containing composite wood products, manufactured in or imported into the U.S. beginning June 1, 2018 are required to be labeled as CARB ATCM Phase II or TSCA Title VI compliant.

The requirement for an import certification on subject products will go into effect March 22, 2019.

“Composite wood products” are wood products created by binding strands, particles, fibers, veneers or boards of wood together with adhesives (i.e., glues). There are three composite wood products that are regulated under TSCA Title VI: hardwood plywood, medium-density fiberboard (includes thin-MDF), and particleboard. These composite wood products are commonly used in the manufacture of furniture, kitchen cabinets, flooring, picture frames and wooden children’s toys, among other products.

Parties who import the above products and articles made of those products need to review with their supply chain to ensure any subject products are properly labeled as being compliant with the forementioned standards.

EPA resource and guidance webpage can be found here.

EPA compliance guide on rule can be found here.